When it comes to building skyscrapers in Winnipeg, it’s all about the materials.
But when it comes time to create a tower of your own, the first step is getting the right building permit.
Winnipeg’s zoning is the latest in a string of changes that have helped to transform the city’s skyline into a global hub of skyscrapering.
The city has created thousands of new housing units, renovated some of its old buildings and is trying to revive the downtown core.
The first skyscraper Winnipeg built in the 1990s was a two-storey structure in the historic Old Town neighbourhood.
Its demise was the first sign of a changing skyline.
In 2014, the city created the citywide tower building regulations, which stipulate that no taller than 35 storeys or fewer towers can be built within the city limits.
But by the beginning of 2018, it had approved more than 600 skyscraping developments across the city.
“The rules have been changed, the regulations have been streamlined and the rules have changed,” said Paul Fenton, the executive director of the Manitoba Building and Construction Trades Council.
A recent study found that while the city had only three skyscrapings in its portfolio of 1,000-plus skyscraped buildings in 2017, it has more than 2,000.
Winnipeg’s towers are almost entirely private.
Some are for private investment, but most are commercial.
Many are leased to developers, who pay the city for a percentage of the towers.
When the city and developers negotiate the terms of a lease, they typically agree to set aside 25 per cent of the building’s market value for the purpose of providing a minimum income for the tower’s workers.
The remaining 20 per cent is generally left to the tower owner.
The average price of a tower in Winnipeg in 2017 was $1.6 million, according to data from the Manitoba Economic Development Corp. The median price was $988,000, according the report.
In many cases, the tower will be rented out for years or decades.
A common practice in many big Canadian cities is to rent out commercial office space to commercial tenants who pay $1,000 a month for office space.
As the tower is redeveloped, it will likely receive a $200,000 subsidy from the city, according one Winnipeg developer.
The building permit process is usually a lengthy process.
A building permit can be obtained from the City of Winnipeg.
If it is approved, the developer then must submit details on how it intends to use the tower and its land, such as the number of residents it plans to build.
The city will then take a report and decide if it’s appropriate to apply for a new building permit, Fenton said.
The building permit may take several months, he said.
The City of Manitoba has also created an online application form that can be used to get a building permit and help ensure it’s properly filled out.
The process can take anywhere from three to five months, Finton said.
Once a building is approved for a tower, it must have a floor plan that’s a minimum of five storeys tall, he added.
If a building fails the height requirements, the building owner has the option of asking the city to waive a portion of the construction permit, which can be a lot of money for the city if it can’t build the tower within the allotted time frame.
An example of a building that didn’t meet the height standards: The tower is currently on its third floor.
The current tower will have a minimum height of 37 storeys.
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To get a more detailed understanding of what the building permit system is like in Winnipeg and other cities, CBC News reviewed a database of more than 6,000 building permits that the city is required to maintain.
The database includes a wide range of documents that can help residents and developers understand the process.
Among the most important is the Building Permit Document, or BPD.
It outlines the building permits and conditions, such the maximum height, how many units per building, and what types of amenities and amenities will be provided for the project.
For example, the document indicates that the project must include a restaurant, meeting space and retail space.
The BPD also outlines how the building will be managed, such whether it will be a hotel or apartment building, or whether it’s intended to be a mixed-use development.
It also outlines the number and location of parking lots and streetside amenity facilities.
In a typical application, the BPD documents include a list of any necessary building permits, along with a checklist of information on amenities such as bathrooms, lighting, heating and air conditioning, and a general description of the project’s location and overall aesthetic and architectural features.
“If you’re trying to make a new tower in your